Languages of India

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Languages of India

Language is a structured system of communication and it is very useful for humans to convey their point of view to each other. different languages ​​are spoken by humans region wise. in some regions one language is spoken and somewhere different languages ​​are spoken. India is one of those countries where different languages ​​are spoken. India is the 7th largest country by the region and the second-most crowded country on the planet with more than 1.3 billion individuals. Registration of 2011 displayed there are 121 languages and out of them 22 are the authority languages. Some of the famous Indian languages ​​are Hindi, Bengali, Marathi, Telugu, Tamil, Gujarati, Urdu, Kannada, Odia, Malayalam etc.

Important Languages of India

LanguageOfficial Language OfLanguage FamilyLanguage CodeWriting System
HindiIndia, Bihar, Delhi, Haryana, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh.Indo-AryanhiDevanagari
BengaliWest Bengal, Tripura, Barak Valley region of the State of AssamIndo-AryanbnBengali
MarathiMaharashtra, GoaIndo-AryanmrDevanagari
TeluguAndhra Pradesh, TelanganaDravidianteTelugu Alphabet
Tamil Tamil NaduDravidiantaTamil (Brahmic)
UrduPakistan, Jammu and KashmirIndo-AryanurPerso-Arabic (Urdu Alphabet)
GujaratiGujaratIndo-AryanguGujarati Script (Brahmic)
KannadaKarnatakaDravidiankhKannada Script
MalayalamKerala, Lakshadweep and PuducherryDravidianmlMalayalam script (Brahmic)
OdiaOdishaIndo-AryanorOdia Script
SantaliAssam, Bihar, JharkhandAustroasiaticsatOl Chiki script
PunjabiPunjab region of India & PakistanIndo-AryanpaGurmukhi
AssameseAssamIndo-AryanasEastern Nagari
MaithiliStates of BiharIndo-AryanmaiTirhuta (Mithilakshar)
KashmiriJammu and KashmirDardicksPerso-Arabic Script
NepaliNepal (Oldest Country in South Asia and the Birth place of Lord Buddha)Indo-AryanneDevanagari
SindhiSindhIndo-AryansdPerso-Arabic (Naskh)
DogriJammu RegionIndo-AryandoiDogra Akkhar version of Takri script
KonkaniGoaIndo-AryankokDevanagari
ManipuriManipurIndo-AryanmniMeetei Mayek
BoroNortheast India, BengalSino-TibetanbrxDevanagari
SanskritSouth AsiaIndo-AryansatBrahmi Script

Languages of India [Infographic]

Languages of India Infographics

Breakdown of languages of India

Hindi Language

Hindi
Language NameHindi
Also known asKhadi Boli, Khari Boli
Native toIndia
Pronunciation[ˈɦɪndiː]
Language familyIndo-Aryan
Writing systemDevanagari
Total Speakers in India528 million
Total Speakers Worldwide691 million
English to Hindi TypingOpen Tool

Bengali Language

Bengali
Language NameBengali
Also known asBangla
Native toBangladesh and India
Pronunciation[ˈbaŋla]
Language familyIndo-Aryan
Writing systemBengali
Total Speakers in India97 million
Total Speakers Worldwide107 million

Marathi Language

Marathi
Language NameMarathi
Also known asMaharashtri
Native toIndia
Pronunciation[məˈɾaːʈʰiː]
Language familyIndo-Aryan
Writing systemDevanagari
Total Speakers in India83 million
Total Speakers Worldwide99 million
English to Marathi TypingOpen Tool

Telugu Language

Telugu
Language NameTelugu
Also known asDravidian language
Native toIndia
Pronunciation[ˈteluɡu]
Language familyDravidian
Writing systemTelugu Alphabet
Total Speakers in India81 million
Total Speakers Worldwide94 million

Tamil Language

Tamil
Language NameTamil
Also known asTamilar
Native toIndia and Sri Lanka
Pronunciation[t̪amiɻ];
Language familyDravidian
Writing systemTamil (Brahmic)
Total Speakers in India69 million
Total Speakers Worldwide77 million

Urdu Language

Urdu
Language NameUrdu
Also known asUrdu e mualla
Native toPakistan and India
Pronunciation[ˈʊrduː]
Language familyIndo-Aryan
Writing systemPerso-Arabic (Urdu Alphabet)
Total Speakers in India50 million
Total Speakers Worldwide62 million

Gujarati Language

Gujarati
Language NameGujarati
Also known asGujarathi
Native toIndia
Pronunciation[ɡudʒəˈɾɑːtiː]
Language familyIndo-Aryan
Writing systemGujarati Script (Brahmic)
Total Speakers in India55 million
Total Speakers Worldwide60 million
English to Gujarati TypingOpen Tool

Kannada Language

Kannada
Language NameKannada
Also known asKanarese
Native toIndia
Pronunciation[ˈkɐnːɐɖa]
Language familyDravidian
Writing systemKannada Script
Total Speakers in India43 million
Total Speakers Worldwide58 million

Malayalam Language

Malayalam
Language NameMalayalam
Also known asAlealum, Malayalani, Malayali
Native toIndia
Pronunciation[mɐlɐjäːɭɐm];
Language familyDravidian
Writing systemMalayalam script (Brahmic)
Total Speakers in India34 million
Total Speakers Worldwide35 million

Odia Language

Odia
Language NameOdia
Also known asOriya
Native toIndia
Pronunciation[oˈɽia]
Language familyIndo-Aryan
Writing systemOdia Script
Total Speakers in India37 million
Total Speakers Worldwide42 million

Santali Language

Santali
Language NameSantali
Also known asSanthali
Native toIndia, Bangladesh, Nepal
PronunciationSanthali
Language familyAustroasiatic
Writing systemOl Chiki script
Total Speakers in India7.3 million
Total Speakers Worldwide7.3 million

Punjabi Language

Punjabi
Language NamePunjabi
Also known asGurmukhi
Native toIndia and Pakistan
Pronunciation[pənˈdʒaːbi]
Language familyIndo-Aryan
Writing systemGurmukhi
Total Speakers in India33 million
Total Speakers Worldwide36 million

Assamese Language

Assamese
Language NameAssamese
Also known asAsamiya
Native toIndia and Bangladesh
Pronunciation[ɔxɔmija]
Language familyIndo-Aryan
Writing systemEastern Nagari
Total Speakers in India15 million
Total Speakers Worldwide15 million

Maithili Language

Maithili
Language NameMaithili
Also known asTirhutia, Maithil 
Native toIndia and Nepal
PronunciationMaithilī
Language familyIndo-Aryan
Writing systemTirhuta (Mithilakshar)
Total Speakers in India13.5 million
Total Speakers Worldwide13.5 million

Kashmiri Language

Kashmiri
Language NameKashmiri
Also known asKoshur
Native toIndia and Pakistan
Pronunciationkæʃˈmɪəri
Language familyDardic
Writing systemPerso-Arabic Script
Total Speakers in India6.7 million
Total Speakers Worldwide6.7 million

Nepali Language

Nepali
Language NameNepali
Also known asKhas Kura
Native toNepal and India
Pronunciationnɪˈpɔːli
Language familyIndo-Aryan
Writing systemDevanagari
Total Speakers in India2.9 million
Total Speakers Worldwide27.9 million

Sindhi Language

Sindhi
Language NameSindhi
Also known asSindi
Native toPakistan and India
Pronunciationˈsɪndi
Language familyIndo-Aryan
Writing systemPerso-Arabic (Naskh)
Total Speakers in India2.7 million
Total Speakers Worldwide2.7 million

Dogri Language

Dogri
Language NameDogri
Also known asDogra
Native toIndia, Pakistan
PronunciationDogri
Language familyIndo-Aryan
Writing systemDogra Akkhar version of Takri script
Total Speakers in India2.5 million
Total Speakers Worldwide2.5 million

Konkani Language

Konkani
Language NameKonkani
Also known asKonkni
Native toIndia
Pronunciation[kõkɳi]
Language familyIndo-Aryan
Writing systemDevanagari
Total Speakers in India2.3 million
Total Speakers Worldwide2.3 million

Manipuri Language

Manipuri
Language NameManipuri
Also known asMeitei, Meetai
Native toManipur, India
Pronunciationmənɪˈpʊri
Language familyIndo-Aryan
Writing systemMeetei Mayek
Total Speakers in India1.8 million
Total Speakers Worldwide1.8 million

Boro Language

Boro
Language NameBoro
Also known asBodo
Native toNortheast India
Pronunciationbɔɽo
Language familySino-Tibetan
Writing systemDevanagari
Total Speakers in India1.4 million
Total Speakers Worldwide1.4 million

Sanskrit Language

Sanskrit
Language NameSanskrit
Also known asSamskrta
Native toIndia
Pronunciationˈsænskrɪt
Language familyIndo-Aryan
Writing systemBrahmi Script
Total Speakers in India< 1 million
Total Speakers Worldwide2.3 million

FAQ

What are the 22 languages in India called?

(1) Assamese, (2) Bengali, (3) Gujarati, (4) Hindi, (5) Kannada, (6) Kashmiri, (7) Konkani, (8) Malayalam, (9) Manipuri, (10) Marathi, (11) Nepali, (12) Oriya, (13) Punjabi, (14) Sanskrit, (15) Sindhi, (16) Tamil, (17) Telugu, (18) Urdu (19) Bodo, (20) Santhali, (21) Maithili and (22) Dogri.

What are the official languages of India?

Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, English, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Marathi, Meitei, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu etc.

How many languages are in India?

there are 22 official languages in india – Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Bodo, Santhali, Maithili and Dogri.

Is there any national language of India?

There is no national language in India

Which language is oldest In India?

Sanskrit because the Sanskrit language has been spoken since 5,000 years before Christ.

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